Construction uses numerous amounts of raw materials that has detrimental effects on our planet. In order to reduce this effect and reduce the emissions created by construction work, construction must become sustainable.
In order for construction to be sustainable it must adhere to certain objectives, these include:
- Reducing energy consumption
- Using recyclable materials
- Using renewable energy sources
- The structure they are building must have a low energy usage
- Reduce the amount of waste produced onsite
- Make sure everything possible is done to protect the biodiversity of the area
Making construction sustainable will have a significant positive effect on the world’s carbon footprint. According to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), 30- 40% of all CO2 emissions come from construction. If construction companies turned to renewable energy, recycled materials, and lesser waste, this percentage would begin to decrease.
One of the biggest emitters in construction is its use of cement, as it is energy consuming. There are sustainable alternatives to cement, just like there are more sustainable alternatives to most materials used in construction.
There is a lot of work to be done in order to make construction sustainable. Currently work is being carried out by the UK Government and construction companies in order to increase the construction sectors’ sustainability.