Insecurity and vulnerability are increasing due to conflict and the impacts of climate change, as they produce a number of challenges. Across the world, both of these issues are increasing fragility and are creating risks, including food and water insecurity, reduction in natural resources, displacement and livelihood loss.

Africa has been impacted by floods, droughts, cyclones and rising sea levels, even though they emit the least greenhouse gas emissions. This has led to further risks to peace and security within the continent.

Africa has a very low capacity to adapt, and climate impacts have been aggravated by COVID-19, geopolitical tensions, and the energy crisis.

There are still gaps within how we tackle climate change around the world, therefore, the 6th IPCC Report on Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability, encourages the urgency to build a synergy between adaptions to climate change and peacebuilding, in order to address climate-related vulnerabilities and conflict.

The COP27 Presidency proposed the CRSP initiative to make sure climate responses help towards sustainable peace and development.

The initiative also aims to work towards other agendas and initiatives including:

  • 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
  • Agenda 2063: the Africa We Want
  • Africa’s Silencing the Guns Initiative
  • African Climate Change and Resilient Development Strategy and Action Plan (2022-2032)


  • Strengthening the Climate Adaptation and Peacebuilding Nexus
  • Sustaining Peace through Climate-Resilient Food Systems
  • Advancing Durable Solutions to the Climate-Displacement Nexus
  • Accelerating Climate Finance for Sustaining Peace

Action points
Through partners and stakeholders, increasing knowledge, carrying out activities on the policy and each of the pillars will be part of making the initiative successful, these will include:

  • Building a synergy between climate, peace, displacement, and food through policy, networks and guidance
  • Using research, case studies and networks to reduce knowledge gaps
  • Increase tailored climate finance
  • Increasing Africa’s capacity to adapt

Women, children and communities that are vulnerable will be the priority.

The development of the initiative is occurring through the Cairo International Center for Conflict Resolution, Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding (CCCPA).